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A Man’s Worst Nightmare

Knowing the Difference Can Save You The Heartache – Benign Prostate Hyperplasia Is Not The Same As Prostate Cancer

protate cancer

 

Benign Prostate Hyperplasia or BPH is an enlargement of prostate gland begins during the 30’s and most commonly it will occur after 50’s in a man’s life. Although only 10% is diagnosed to have a serious condition which needed medical surgery.

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www.askdrmakkar.com

Symptoms of Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH)

When a prostate gland grows large, the urethra which passage is in the center of the prostate is blocked. This causes the urine to stop and flows back to the bladder which causes the male to urinate often during daytime or nighttime.
Some of the symptoms of BPH

  1. Difficulty to start urinating
  2. The feel like you need to push just to urinate
  3. Urine dripping
  4. Weak flow of urine
  5. The urge to urinate immediately
  6. When you feel your bladder is full even if you just finished urinating.
  7. You want to stop but you still want to urinate

Worse case of BPH is the inability to urinate and needs medical attention to be treated right away.

www.cancer.gov
www.cancer.gov

What causes prostate enlargement?

More studies have been conducted but the main reason for prostate enlargement is still unknown. However, they have noticed the occurrence of symptoms mostly to older males. For them, there are two possible reasons; (i) Since, researchers and urologists believed that BPH does not develop on males whose testicles removed before puberty. They think, that BPH is caused by aging. Female hormones have something to do with this, because in a male biological structure, his body produces testosterone and little estrogen hormones. When males age, their testosterone level drops, and estrogen level elevates. The increase in estrogen within the prostate causes growth on the prostate cell. Another factor which the scientists are looking into is the (ii) Dihydrotestosterone or DHT which is responsible for the development of prostate. When a male gets older the level of testosterone drops but DHT continues to accumulate in the prostate which also allows or tolerates the growth of the prostate cell. Men without DHT never experience any symptoms of BPH.

When will you call a Doctor?

If you have experienced the symptoms mentioned above, monitor your prostate condition, if you think that the symptom gets worse call your doctor right away. Here are some of the worse condition you might encounter:

  1. Unable to urinate
  2. Urinating is painful, and you acquired fever, chills and body aches
  3. Pain at the lower back.
  4. Blood is found in your semen or urine
  5. When you feel a burning sensation while you’re urinating
  6. There’s a painful feeling when ejaculating
  7. If you have difficulty urinating for over a week already.
  8. When you’re urinary track infection lasts longer than one day.

Who to consult to?

When your condition is mild and you’re only experiencing moderate urinary infection, you can see a nurse practitioner, an assistant to the Physician, Family medicine doctor, and an internist. But if you’re condition needs an emergency treatment, you can always look for the best Urologist in town.

What medication do you need to take?

Going to a doctor to check your illness is the best idea and very helpful, together with that a medication is given to you. Your medication, however, has side effects but these are minors only and it will stop when you stop taking the medicines. The medication should be uninterrupted since the symptoms will return if you stop.

You can ask for your doctor’s prescription about these medicines;

  1. Alpha blockers (terazosin) this medicine relieves the symptoms; however, it will not stop the development of prostate enlargement.
  2. 5-Alpha reductase inhibitor. This medicine may help reduce the growth of a prostate cell, however, the effect may wait for 6 months.

Knowing your body’s condition can help lessen the risk of worse cases of benign prostatic hyperplasia.

Prostate Cancer: Know The Symptoms Before It’s Too Late

Cancer is one of the many causes of mortality in the world. It is a large family of diseases, which involve abnormalities in cell growth. These abnormalities may potentially spread or invade other parts of the body – with or without our knowledge.

One of the most common types of cancer that affects men is the prostate cancer. Also known as carcinoma of the prostate, prostate cancer is the second leading cause of death from cancer in men. According to cancer.gov, almost all prostate cancers are adenocarcinomas (cancers that begin in cells that make and release mucus and other fluids). Cancer Research UK explained that prostate cancer starts in the prostate gland, a walnut sized gland at the base of the bladder in men. The prostate gland is responsible for the fluid that forms part of the semen.

John Robertson of Prostate Cancer UK said that prostate cancer can develop when cells in the prostate start to grow in an uncontrolled way. In most cases, prostate cancer symptoms are not noticeable during its early stages. Symptoms may also differ for each man, which makes the disease hard to diagnose.

Cancer Treatment Centers of America identified prostate cancer symptoms. Urinary symptoms of prostate cancer are usually identified first due to the proximity of the prostate gland to the bladder and urethra. CTCA further explained that depending on the size and location, a tumor might press on and constrict the urethra, inhibiting the flow of urine.

Prostate cancer development in man's prostate gland. © 2014 WebMD, LLC.
Prostate cancer development in man’s prostate gland. © 2014 WebMD, LLC.

Here are some prostate cancer signs related to urination:

  1. Burning sensation or painful urination
  2. Difficulty when urinating – trouble starting and stopping while urinating
  3. More frequent urges to urinate at night – needing to urinate more often than usual
  4. Loss of bladder control
  5. Decreased flow or velocity of urine stream
  6. Blood in urine (hematuria) or semen*

*Blood in your urine or semen can be caused by other health problems. Consult this with your doctor.
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Furthermore, prostate cancer may spread (metastasize) to nearby tissues or bones. CTCA said that if the cancer spreads to the spine, it might press on the spinal nerves.

Prostate cancer may spread to other parts of your body. ©ProstateCancer-InfoGuide.
Prostate cancer may spread to other parts of your body. ©ProstateCancer-InfoGuide.

Other prostate cancer symptoms include:

7. Difficulty getting or keeping an erection (erectile dysfunction)*
8. Painful ejaculation
9. Swelling in legs or pelvic area
10. Numbness or pain in the hips, legs or feet – bone pain that doesn’t go away may be caused by cancer spreading to the bones (advanced prostate cancer)**

* This symptom is not only common for a prostate problem and is more often linked to other health conditions such as diabetes or heart problems.

** These symptoms can also be caused by other problems such as general aches or arthritis. It’s still best to consult your doctor.

There are also factors that may increase the risk of prostate cancer. These factors include:

Age – Prostate cancer is more common in men older than 50 years old. Autopsy studies on men, done by The International Agency for Research on Cancer, found out prostate cancer in 30% of men in their fifties and in 80% of men in their seventies.

Genetic – Men who have a first-degree relative (father or brother) with prostate cancer have twice the risk of developing prostate cancer. Studies conducted to twins in Scandinavia suggest that 40% of prostate cancer risk can be explained by inherited factors.

Dietary – Lower blood levels of vitamin D may increase the risk of developing prostate cancer, according to Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health.

The American Cancer Society recommends men to make an informed decision with their doctor about whether to be tested for prostate cancer, beginning at age 50. Men with one or more risk factors for prostate cancer should consult with their physician about whether to start routine screening, digital rectal exams (DRE) and prostate specific androgen (PSA), earlier.

Conclusion:

BPH – Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia

Prevalence – Very common after age 40 and the most common cause of male urinary tract obstruction.
Cause – Increased levels of testosterone that occur normally with increasing age.
Physical Examination – Enlarged, “boggy” prostate on digital rectal examination.
Elevated Lab Values – PSA
Part of the Prostate Effected – Usually the central portion of the prostate.
Most Common Initial Symptoms – Urinary symptoms such as frequency of urination, hesitancy, dribbling, and frequent nighttime urination.
Where It Spreads – BPH cannot spread to other areas of the body.
Treatment – Depending on the severity of symptoms, treatment can range from nothing, to medication to shrink the prostate, to surgery to remove the central part of the prostate to allow better flow of urine.

Prostate Cancer

Prevalence – Most common male cancer.
Cause – Not entirely understood, but due to unregulated growth of prostate cancer cells.
Physical Examination – Nodular (bumpy), firm, enlarged prostate on digital rectal examination.
Elevated Lab Values – PSA and alkaline phosphatase
Part of the Prostate Effected – Usually the lateral lobes of the prostate (the sides of the prostate), but can be anywhere in the prostate.
Most Common Initial Symptoms – Urinary symptoms such as frequency of urination, hesitancy, dribbling, and frequent nighttime urination.
Where It Spreads – Most commonly to the areas around the prostate within the pelvis, but also frequently to the bones.
Treatment – Depending on the aggressiveness of the cancer and the presence of other medical problems, treatment can range from close monitoring to surgery to radiation therapy to hormonal therapy to a number of other less common options.

Knowing the difference between BPH and Prostate Cancer can save you the world of worries.

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